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ADVANCE COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE:
Layer – Vertical Explode:
Divide the system into smaller, more manageable units that are hierarchically tiered. Each layer provides a level of abstraction. A tier only uses the services of the next lower tier.
CS501 HIGHLIGHTED HANDOUTS
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CS501-ADVANCE COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE:
Each layer can be tested independently, so a layer provides services to the next top-level layer. They are interchangeable (machine independence).
Layers help organize applications such as:
It is divided into sub-task groups, each sub-task group is at a specific level. extraction. the dominant trait is Low-level and high-level problems where high-level tasks depend on lower-level tasks.
CS501 HIGHLIGHTED HANDOUTS-ADVANCE COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE:
Handles low-level issues such as system hardware traps, sensor inputs, reading bits from a file, or electrical signals from the wire. The other end of the spectrum may be visible to the user Features such as a multi-user game interface or high-level policies such as phone Billing rate.
A typical communication flow pattern consists of requests going from top to Notification about events traveling in the low level and response to requests, incoming data, or reverse direction.
CS501 HIGHLIGHTED HANDOUTS PDF-ADVANCE COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE:
Such systems also often require an orthogonal horizontal structure. for their vertical subdivision. This is the case when several operations are at the same level immaterial but largely independent of each other.